Payback Period Formula Calculator Excel template

payback period is calculated as ratio of
payback period is calculated as ratio of

For this reason, the payback period may return a positive figure, while the discounted payback period returns a negative figure. Financial analysts will perform financial modeling and IRR analysis to compare the attractiveness of different projects. By forecasting free cash flows into the future, it is then possible to use the XIRR function in Excel to determine what discount rate sets the Net Present Value of the project to zero . Payback period is the amount of time it takes to break even on an investment.

A lower payback period denotes a quick break-even for the business, and hence the profitability of the business can be seen quickly. So in the business environment, a lower payback period indicates higher profitability from the particular project. That time value of money deals with the idea of the basic depreciation of money due to the passing of time. The present value of a particular amount of money is higher than its future value.

Operating Activities includes cash received from Sales, cash expenses paid for direct costs as well as payment is done for funding working capital. This formula can only be used to calculate the soonest payback period; that is, the first period after which the investment has paid for itself. If the cumulative cash flow drops to a negative value some time after it has reached a positive value, thereby changing the payback period, this formula can’t be applied.

If one has a longer payback period than the other, it might not be the better option. The payback period is the time it takes an investment to generate enough cash flow to pay back the full amount of the investment. In this calculator, you can estimate the payback period by entering the initial investment amount, the net cash flow per period, and the number of periods before investment recovery. One of the disadvantages of discounted payback period analysis is that it ignores the cash flows after the payback period. Thus, it cannot tell a corporate manager or investor how the investment will perform afterward and how much value it will add in total. The shorter the discounted payback period, the quicker the project generates cash inflows and breaks even.

The payback period can be calculated by dividing the initial investment from the total annual cash flow. In this case, the payback period shall be the corresponding period when cumulative cash flows are equal to the initial cash outlay. This is because they factor in the time value of money, working opportunity cost into the formula for a more detailed and accurate assessment. Another option is to use the discounted payback period formula instead, which adds time value of money into the equation.

payback period is calculated as ratio of

Just upload your form 16, claim your deductions and get your acknowledgment number online. You can efile income tax return on your income from salary, house property, capital gains, business & profession and income from other sources. Further you can also file TDS returns, generate Form-16, use our Tax Calculator software, claim HRA, check refund status and generate rent receipts for Income Tax Filing. Despite its drawbacks, the payback method is the simplest method to analyze different project/investments. The project that provides a faster return of investment is chosen.


Getting repaid or recovering the initial cost of a project or investment should be achieved as quickly as it allows. However, not all projects and investments have the same time horizon, so the shortest possible payback period needs to be nested within the larger context of that time horizon. For example, the payback period on a home improvement project can be decades while the payback period on a construction project may be five years or less. Net Cash FlowsNet cash flow refers to the difference in cash inflows and outflows, generated or lost over the period, from all business activities combined. In simple terms, it is the net impact of the organization’s cash inflow and cash outflow for a particular period, say monthly, quarterly, annually, as may be required. Payback period is used not only in financial industries, but also by businesses to calculate the rate of return on any new asset or technology upgrade.

Save taxes with ClearTax by investing in tax saving mutual funds online. Our experts suggest the best funds and you can get high returns by investing directly or through SIP. Save taxes with Clear by investing in tax saving mutual funds online. Download Black by ClearTax App to file returns from your mobile phone. Since IRR does not take risk into account, it should be looked at in conjunction with the payback period to determine which project is most attractive.

CAs, experts and businesses can get GST ready with Clear GST software & certification course. Clear can also help you in getting your business registered for Goods & Services Tax Law. During the course of business, the management comes across various opportunities that lead to the expansion of existing projects or new projects. Ideally, management would not like to forgo any good opportunity but due to capital restraints, it has to choose between projects. Payback period is calculated based on the information available from the books of accounts of a business entity. Payback Period is one of the oldest and simplest methods to evaluate investment proposals and is widely used in the small scale sector.

They have contributed to top tier financial publications, such as Reuters, Axios, Ag Funder News, Bloomberg, Marketwatch, Yahoo! Finance, and many others. Our team of reviewers are established professionals with years of experience in areas of personal finance and climate. Carbon Collective partners with financial and climate experts to ensure the accuracy of our content. Note that an increase in the market price of the product can compensate for the losses incurred in the case of a natural solar dryer. The calculation of yearly cumulative savings can be performed using the following equation. Is one of the important responsibilities of a finance manager of a company.

  • As per the assumptions used in this article, Powerwall’s payback ranged from 17 years to 26 years.
  • At this point, the project’s initial cost has been paid off, with the payback period being reduced to zero.
  • One of the major characteristics of the payback period is that it ignores the value of money over the time period.
  • Payback period is an essential assessment during calculation of return from a particular project and it is advisable not to use the tool as the only option for decision making.
  • If short-term cash flows are a concern, a short payback period may be more attractive than a longer-term investment that has a higher NPV.

Since the capital projects involve investment decisions in long term assets, sound capital budgeting decisions become all the more important. Terminal value determines the value of a business or project beyond the forecast period when future cash flows can be estimated. A higher payback period means it will take longer for a company to cover its initial investment. All else being equal, it’s usually better for a company to have a lower payback period as this typically represents a less risky investment. The quicker a company can recoup its initial investment, the less exposure the company has to a potential loss on the endeavor.

Is a Higher Payback Period Better Than a Lower Payback Period?

Yes, the ClearTax Payback Period Calculator is a handy easy to use tool, that calculates the payback period in seconds. You just have to enter the initial investment and the net annual cash flow. The ClearTax Payback Period Calculator shows you the payback period. Payback Period is the number of years it takes to recover the initial investment or the original investment made in a project. It is based on the incremental cash flows from a particular investment project.

If you need help with your math homework, there are online calculators that can assist you. We strive to empower readers with the most factual and reliable climate finance information possible to help them make informed decisions. Management then looks at a variety of metrics in order to obtain complete information. Usually, companies are deciding between multiple possible projects. Comparing various profitability metrics for all projects is important when making a well-informed decision.

Will Kenton is an expert on the economy and investing laws and regulations. The Structured Query Language comprises several different data types that allow it to store different types of information… From equities, fixed income to derivatives, the CMSA certification bridges the gap from where you are now to where you want to be — a world-class capital markets analyst. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work.

She has nearly two decades of experience in the financial industry and as a financial instructor for industry professionals and individuals. Running this blog since 2009 and trying to explain “Financial Management Concepts in Layman’s Terms”. Payback Period Calculator is an online tool that calculates the result effortlessly by simply entering the following values. In case the sum does not match, then the period in which it lies should be identified. After that, we need to calculate the fraction of the year that is needed to complete the payback.

This method provides an indication to the prospective investors when their funds are likely to be recovered. Go a level deeper with us and investigate the potential impacts of climate change on investments like your retirement account. It helps you evaluate the benefits of an investment or the cost of a project. For instance, in the example above, Rs 20 Lakhs invested might seem profitable today. However, such an investment made over a period of say 10 years may not hold the same value. Use accounting software like Deskera to automate your cost calculations, and keep tabs on all of your expenses, in a single dashboard.

Accounting Rate of Return

While comparing two mutually exclusive projects, the one with the shorter discounted payback period should be accepted. It is a rate that is applied to future payments in order to compute the present value or subsequent value of said future payments. For example, an investor may determine the net present value of investing in something by discounting the cash flows they expect to receive in the future using an appropriate discount rate. It’s similar to determining how much money the investor currently needs to invest at this same rate in order to get the same cash flows at the same time in the future.

Discounted Payback Period: What It Is, and How To Calculate It

The online payback period calculator lets you calculate the payback periods with discounts, estimate your average returns and schedules of investments. To calculate the payback period, you need to know the initial investment amount, the net cash flow per period, and the number of periods before investment recovery. With these numbers, you can use the calculator above to estimate the payback period. The Payback Period is the amount of time it will take an investment to generate enough cash flow to pay back the full amount of the investment. In predicting the payback period, you would be forecasting the cash flow for the investment, project, or company.

The length of the project payback period helps in estimating the project risk. On the other hand, payback period calculations can be so quick and easy that they’re overly simplistic. Although primarily a financial term, the concept of a payback period is occasionally extended to other payback period is calculated as ratio of uses, such as energy payback period ; these other terms may not be standardized or widely used. In case of mutually exclusive projects, a firm selects that project which has the shortest payback period. In this case, the cooking show would be able to make the money back in 3.75 years.

Both the payback period and the discounted payback period can be used to evaluate the profitability and feasibility of a specific project. Payback period, which is used most often in capital budgeting, is the period of time required to reach the break-even point of an investment based on cash flow. For instance, a $2,000 investment at the start of the first year that returns $1,500 after the first year and $500 at the end of the second year has a two-year payback period. As a rule of thumb, the shorter the payback period, the better for an investment. Any investments with longer payback periods are generally not as enticing.

It also have other books solutions, having math app is going to really help, it does what its supposed to and really well. They’ll just say it’s simplified and only occasionally tell you the math rule that was used but I believe that is because I’m on trial and not paying. Our writing and editorial staff are a team of experts holding advanced financial designations and have written for most major financial media publications. Our work has been directly cited by organizations including MarketWatch, Bloomberg, Axios, TechCrunch, Forbes, NerdWallet, GreenBiz, Reuters, and many others. Our goal is to deliver the most understandable and comprehensive explanations of climate and finance topics.